PESEL number explained

In General, Law
Photo: Jakub Woźniak/Tricity NewsPhoto: Jakub Woźniak/Tricity News

Did you know?

PESEL is the Polish identification number.

PESEL number consists of 11 digits which represent your date of birth, sex and your specific serial number. It is granted individually and doesn’t change through your lifetime. Many times in everyday life situations you will be requested to provide the PESEL number however you need to know that in most cases your passport number should be enough. Some institutions are requiring foreigners to provide the PESEL number only because it is easier for them to fill in their papers or systems but they have no legal basis for that. According to the law your passport should be enough to confirm your identity and if anyone is asking you for the PESEL number they need to provide the legal basis to you.

The good news is that probably next year the procedure will less complicated and the PESEL number will be provided to all foreigners automatically to make their lives easier in Poland.


EU citizens

When you are an EU citizen and you have already legalised your stay at the Voivodeship Office, you will obtain your PESEL number immediately while registering your residence address at the Municipal Office. No additional form or application is required.
In practice, it means that you will only get your PESEL number if your actual or planned stay in Poland is longer than 3 months.

Non-EU citizens

If you are a non-EU foreigner, you will also get automatically the PESEL number with your permanent residence permit. If you have visa or temporary residence permit, you will have to apply for the PESEL number and confirm that there is a legal basis supporting the application, i.e. you need to prove the reason you really need the PESEL number.


  • completed PESEL application form,
  • residence registration,
  • passport or identity card,
  • visa,
  • birth certificate/ marriage certificate (sworn translation),
  • legal basis to require the PESEL number.


  • Free of charge.



Urząd Miasta Gdyni
Wydział Spraw Obywatelskich
Referat Ewidencji Ludności i Meldunków
Al. Marszałka Piłsudskiego 52/54
81-382 Gdynia
midfloor, room 60

Tel.: 58-66-88-727

Opening hours:

Monday to Friday
8.00 do 16.00


8.00 do 14.00


ul. Partyzantów 74
80-254 Gdańsk
stand 38, 39
tel.: 58 323 69 58 & 59

Opening hours:

Monday, Tuesday, Thursday 8:00 – 16:00

Wednesday 8:00 – 17:00

Friday 8:00 – 15:00

ul. Nowe Ogrody 8/12
80-803 Gdańsk
stand 1, 2, 3, 4
tel.: 58 323 60 51 to 54

Opening hours:

Monday, Tuesday, Thursday 8:00 – 16:00

Wednesday 8:00 – 17:00

Friday 8:00 – 15:00

ul. Wilanowska 2
80-809 Gdańsk
stand 3, 4
tel.: 58 323 71 33 & 75

Opening hours:

Monday, Tuesday, Thursday 8:00 – 16:00

Wednesday 8:00 – 17:00

Friday 8:00 – 15:00

In Gdańsk Municipal Office, you have an option to book your visit by Internet:


Wydział Obywatelski Urzędu Miasta Sopotu

ul. Tadeusza Kościuszki 25/27

81-704 Sopot

room 11B

tel.: 58 521 37 06

Opening hours:

Monday 8:00 – 18:00

Tuesday, Wednesday Thursday 8:00 – 16:00

Friday 7:30 – 15:30



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9 commentsOn PESEL number explained

  • Are you sure about this? I was told foreigners do not get PESEL anymore since January last year. Even children of foreigners do not get it even though they are born in Poland – my friends in Warsaw have this case.

  • Hello,
    Indeed, there will be many foreigners in Poland without PESEL and who are not granted the PESEL number ex officio. Each case depends on one’s particular scenario and legal situation. If you don’t have PESEL, you have an option to request it if you comply with the legal requisites which we mention above. The information in the article was verified with Tricity authorities and is updated as of today. However, we always recommend contacting your local office and consult your individual scenario.

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  • Great information thanks for posting! Jonny (Ulsterman in Poland)

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